Understanding Landau Kleffner syndrome
Landau Kleffner syndrome is a rare form of childhood epilepsy which results in a severe language disorder. The cause of the condition is unknown. All children with Landau Kleffner syndrome have abnormal electrical activity in one or sometimes both temporal lobes, the area of the brain responsible among other functions for processing language.
Facts about Landau Kleffner syndrome
Landau Kleffner syndrome usually starts between the ages of three and eight. It may develop slowly over many months or very suddenly.
Approximately 50 per cent of children with Landau Kleffner syndrome have a behavioural disorder.
There have been approximately 200 cases reported since the condition was identified in 1957. Due to the nature of the syndrome, there may be more cases that are undiagnosed.
Landau Kleffner syndrome is twice as common in males as in females.
What are the symptoms of Landau Kleffner syndrome?
A major feature is the loss of ability to understand and use spoken language. When it develops in young children who have not yet learnt to talk it may be mistaken for a developmental language disorder, deafness or autism. Some language problems may include:
Unintelligible speech, or voice quality that sounds similar to a person with a hearing impairment
Deleting final consonant sounds and interchanging letters
Using only single words, jargon or total mutism
Language problems such as dysnomia (difficulty in remembering names for items or recalling words), semantic paraphasia (using a different word with a similar meaning eg. saying cut for scissors) or reverse compounds (saying lightstop for stoplight)
How can CPL help?
No matter where you are on your journey, we are ready to help you achieve your goals. Our services aim to support people to reach their full potential through:
- Allied Health therapies
- Support at home
- Getting out into your community
- Finding the right equipment and aids
- Exploring housing and employment options.
Understanding Epilepsy Syndromes