Understanding Tourette syndrome  

Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by repeated involuntary behaviours known as ‘tics’. Motor tics can include everything from eye blinking or grimacing to head jerking or foot stomping, while vocal tics may display as throat clearing, making clicking sounds, repeated sniffing, yelping, or shouting. In rare cases, people with Tourette syndrome might have a tic that makes them harm themselves, such as head banging. Prior to diagnosis of Tourette syndrome, both motor and phonic tics must be consistently present for a period of 12 months. 

Facts about Tourette syndrome  

  • Recent research suggests as many as one in 200 people have Tourette syndrome. The current prevalence rate in children is one in 100. 

  • The symptoms generally appear before the individual is 18 years old. 

  • Males are more often affected than females. 

  • Although Tourette syndrome is generally lifelong and chronic, it is not degenerative. In a few cases, complete remission occurs after adolescence. 

What are the symptoms of Tourette syndrome? 

Symptoms include rapid, repetitive and involuntary muscle movements and vocalisations called ‘tics’, which are classified as simple or complex.  

  • Simple tics involve sudden, brief movement within a limited number of muscle groups. These occur in a single and isolated fashion and are often repetitive.  

  • Complex tics involve distinct, co-ordinated patterns of movements which involve several muscle groups. These may include jumping, smelling objects, touching the nose, other people etc. 

Typically, tics increase as a result of tension or stress, and decrease with relaxation or concentration. 

Some of the other disorders that may be experienced by people with Tourette syndrome include: 

  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) 

  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) 

  • Learning disabilities 

  • Sleep disorders 

How can CPL help?

No matter where you are on your journey, we are ready to help you achieve your goals. Our services aim to support people to reach their full potential through:  

For more information about how we can support you with Tourette syndrome, visit our services page, call us on 1800 961 870 or send an online enquiry

References:
https://tourette.org.au/about-tsaa/what-is-tourette-syndrome/ 
https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/tourette.html