Understanding intellectual disability
The causes of intellectual disability can vary from genetic conditions, injuries, infections or complications around the time of birth. For many people however, no cause is found. It is common for people with intellectual disability to have other types of disability.
People with intellectual disability may have difficulty identifying and choosing options at key life transition points – two important transition points are from home to school and from school to adult life (study, employment, meaningful activities).
Facts about intellectual disability
- Over half a million Australians have intellectual disability.
- There are four levels of intellectual disability - mild, moderate, severe, and profound.
- Almost 60 per cent of people with intellectual disability have severe communication limitations.
Some of the most common causes of intellectual disability include:
What are the symptoms of intellectual disability?
People with an intellectual disability often have difficulty with learning, reasoning and problem solving. It can also affect adaptive behaviour like independence, social skills and personal care. The age of onset for these conditions to occur is during the developmental period.
A formal assessment needs to be carried out for a child to be diagnosed with an intellectual disability. This is completed by a psychologist or qualified professional in the assessment of cognitive and adaptive behaviour.
How can CPL help?
The NDIS Early Childhood Early Intervention (ECEI) approach supports children aged 0-6 years who have a developmental delay or disability and their families/carers. Support Coordinators can help you to navigate your first NDIS plan.
CPL provides 24/7 Supported Independent Living services, and has a number of vacancies in accessible homes.
There are a range of disability employment and training pathways for people with intellectual disability that are designed to help you reach your goals.
We can support you to access what you want and need to in your local community - whatever your age and whenever you need us.